Niño/southern oscillation and physical processes of the tropical oceans

a bibliography by Janet M. Witte

Publisher: University Corporation for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo

Written in English
Published: Pages: 175 Downloads: 277
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Subjects:

  • Southern oscillation -- Bibliography.,
  • Oceanography -- Tropics -- Bibliography.,
  • El Niño Current -- Bibliography.

Edition Notes

Statementprepared for TOGA-U.S. Project Office by Janet M. Witte.
SeriesUSTOGA : an informal U.S. publication series on TOGA -- 7., USTOGA -- 7.
ContributionsWitte, Janet., TOGA-U.S. Project Office.
The Physical Object
Paginationi, 175 p. ;
Number of Pages175
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15083460M

Physical oceanography is the study of physical conditions and physical processes within the ocean, especially the motions and physical properties of ocean waters.. Physical oceanography is one of several sub-domains into which oceanography is divided. Others include biological, chemical and geological oceanography.. Physical oceanography may be subdivided into descriptive and dynamical.   New book advances knowledge of El Nino in a changing climate Posted on Novem by Marcie Grabowski Potential foci of future ENSO research includes some of the physical processes that require advancements in observing systems and . Description; Chapters; Supplementary; You have access to thisebook. This book is a completely rewritten, updated and expanded new edition of the original Global Perspectives on Tropical Cyclones published in It presents a comprehensive review of the state of science and forecasting of tropical cyclones together with the application of this science to disaster mitigation, hence the tag. This book chronicles the cooperative efforts of oceanographers and meteorologists, several U.S. government agencies, many other nations, and international scientific organizations to study El Nino and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

  We now say that the Southern Oscillation occurs because of the large changes in the Walker circulation closely linked to the pattern of tropical Pacific sea temperatures. Because the pressure reversals and ocean warming are more or less simultaneous, we call this phenomenon the El Nino/Southern Oscillation or ENSO for short.   on 9 November The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a year-to-year fluctuation of the coupled ocean-atmosphere system that originates in the tropical Pacific. This book is an outgrowth of a workshop that was held in Boulder, Colorado, in May to examine some of the proxy evidence of ENSO-related climatic variability. Although the strongest manifestations of the ENSO are found in the tropical Pacific and Indian oceans and some of the adjacent coastal regions. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: 1 online resource ( pages) Contents: Building, Testing and Using a General Circulation Model Building a General Circulation Model Testing a GCM Blocking in a GCM Modeling the southern oscillation --References --Some Topics in the General Circulation of the Atmosphere - .

The fundamental physical processes that give rise to El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) are believed to be within the tropical Pacific. However, climate features external to the tropical Pacific may be capable of affecting ENSO behaviors. Yu, J.-Y., Understanding El Nino Southern Oscillation and its interactions with the Indian Ocean. The climate changes associated with global warming are also projected to lead to changes in precipitation patterns across the globe. Increased precipitation is predicted in the polar and subpolar regions, whereas decreased precipitation is projected for the middle latitudes of both hemispheres as a result of the expected poleward shift in the jet streams.

Niño/southern oscillation and physical processes of the tropical oceans by Janet M. Witte Download PDF EPUB FB2

El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an irregularly periodic variation in winds and sea surface temperatures over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, affecting the climate of much of the tropics and subtropics. The warming phase of the sea temperature is known as El Niño and the cooling phase as La Southern Oscillation is the accompanying atmospheric component, coupled with the.

Though ENSO is a single climate phenomenon, it has three states, or phases, it can be in. The two opposite phases, “El Niño” and “La Niña,” require certain changes in both the ocean and the atmosphere because ENSO is a coupled climate phenomenon.

“Neutral” is in. El Niño is a warming of surface waters in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. Together with, La Niña, these make up two of the three states of the constantly changing El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) that can affect weather patterns around the globe. ENSO is. physical fundamentals, at that time the phenomenon was called El Ni~no/ Southern Oscillation, the name that unequivocally implied coupling between oceanic (El Ni~no) and atmospheric (the Southern Oscillation) components.

The researcher, whose contribution to the understanding of ocean–. Comprehensive and up-to-date information on Earth’s most dominant year-to-year climate variation.

The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific Ocean has major worldwide social and economic consequences through its global scale effects on atmospheric and oceanic circulation, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and other natural systems. The Southern Oscillation (SO) portion of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) describes the global-scale surface pressure oscillation documented by workers around the turn of the century and first studied in detail by Sir Gilbert Walker (for historical reviews, see Rasmusson and Carpenter, ; various chapters in Glantz et al., ; Diaz and.

Summary El Niño and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a naturally occurring fluctuation of the climate system that is generated in the tropical Pacific through interactions between the ocean and t. The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the strongest interannual air–sea coupled variability mode in the tropics, and substantially impacts the global weather and climate.

Hence, it is important to improve our understanding of the ENSO variability. Besides the well-known air–sea interaction process over the tropical Pacific, recent studies indicated that atmospheric and oceanic. The Southern Oscillation is a seesaw variation in _____ across the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans surface air pressure El Niño begins when the __________ gradient across the tropical.

LA NIÑA ADVISORY. La Niña—the cool phase of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation climate pattern—strengthened in the tropical Pacific in October Forecasters estimate a 95% chance La Niña will last through Northern Hemisphere winter, and they say the event is. attention to the physical processes involved, is to ex-plore how changes in the background state, attributable to global warming or some other long-term climate change, affect the Southern Oscillation.

Such an ap-proach implies that the choice of the time-averaged tem-perature of the past century as a reference line in Fig. S.G. Philander, in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences (Second Edition), Conclusions. The Southern Oscillation, between complementary El Niño and La Niña states, results from interactions between the tropical oceans and detailed properties of the oscillation (e.g.

its period and spatial structure) depend on long-term averaged background conditions and hence change gradually. Boundary layers on both sides of the tropical ocean surface Atmospheric processes Ocean processes ENSO mechanisms ENSO prediction and short-term climate prediction ENSO, past and future: ENSO by proxy and ENSO in the tea leaves Using ENSO information Postview --Appendix 1.

El Nino is the “warm phase” of a larger phenomenon called the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). La Nina, the “cool phase” of ENSO, is a pattern that describes the unusual cooling of the region’s surface waters. El Niño and La Niña are considered the ocean part of ENSO, while the Southern Oscillation is its atmospheric changes.

The Pacific and Indian Oceans are closely linked to each other through atmospheric circulation and oceanic throughflow. Climate variations in one ocean basin often interact with those in the other basin. This includes phenomena such as the El Ni˜no–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), biennial monsoon variability, and the Indian Ocean zonal/dipole.

This book introduces basic concepts and builds to more detailed theoretical treatments. Chapters on the structure and dynamics of the tropical ocean and atmosphere place ENSO in a broader observational and theoretical context. Chapters on ENSO prediction, past and future, and impacts, introduce broader implications of the phenomenon.

El Nino-Southern Oscillation the correlation of El Nino events with an oscillatory patters of pressure change is a persistent high-pressure cell in the southeastern Pacific Ocean and a persistent low-pressure cell over the East Indies (THIS is an atmospheric event). Satellite sea surface temperature departure for October over the Pacific.

Orange-red colors indicate above normal temperatures, indicative of an El Niño condition. El Nino-Southern Oscillation. ENSO is a coupled oscillation in the tropical Pacific Ocean and atmosphere, characterized in the ocean by a shift in the position of the very warm water that makes up the tropical Western Pacific Warm Pool.

From: The Future of the World's Climate (Second Edition), Related terms: La Nina; Rainfall; Sea Surface. Monitoring of ENSO conditions primarily focuses on sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies (Variations from an average or other statistical reference value.) in 4 geographic regions of the equatorial Pacific (see image to the right).

SST anomalies equal to or greater than °C (°F) in the Niño region (comprising portions of Niño regions 3 and 4, from °W to °W longitude) are. Climate - Climate - El Niño/Southern Oscillation and climatic change: As was explained earlier, the oceans can moderate the climate of certain regions.

Not only do they affect such geographic variations, but they also influence temporal changes in climate. The timescales of climate variability range from a few years to millions of years and include the so-called ice age cycles that repeat. The opposite to El Niño – cooling of the ocean surface temperature across much of the tropical eastern and central Pacific.

Rossby wave. A planetary-scale wave caused by the variation in the Coriolis force with latitude, discovered by Carl-Gustaf Rossby in Southern oscillation. Coupled changes in surface air pressure between the. The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific Ocean has major worldwide social and economic consequences through its global scale effects on atmospheric and oceanic circulation, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and other natural systems.

It is the most dramatic year-to-year variation of the Earth’s climate system, affecting agriculture, public health, freshwater. The future of the El Niño Southern Oscillation, or ENSO, is the subject of a new book published by the American Geophysical Union.

With 21 chapters written by 98 authors from 58 research institutions in 16 countries, the volume covers the latest theories, models and observations, and explores the challenges of forecasting El Niño and La Niña. El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a global coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon.

The Pacific ocean signatures, El Niño and La Niña (also written in English as El Nino and La Nina) are major. The Indian Ocean zonal dipole mode (IOD; Saji et al. ; Webster et al. ) is a basin-scale pattern of surface and subsurface temperature that seriously affects the interannual climate anomalies of many nations around the Indian Ocean rim, as well as the global climate system (Yamagata et al.

).When it occurs, the pattern typically reaches a peak phase during the latter part of the. Comprehensive and up-to-date information on Earths most dominant year-to-year climate variation The El Nio Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific Ocean has major worldwide social and economic consequences through its global scale effects on atmospheric and oceanic circulation, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and other natural systems.

Ongoing climate change is projected to significantly. Tropical Climatology aims to provide a geographical viewpoint on the physical processes in the tropical atmosphere: to offer explanations of how a location's climate is a product of these processes and to highlight the implications of tropical atmospheric behaviour and climate change for those living in.

The book, “El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate” was published online on November 2. A giant weather-maker. ENSO is a cycle of warm El Niño and cool La Niña episodes that happen every few years in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a year-to-year fluctuation of the coupled ocean-atmosphere system that originates in the tropical Pacific.

Warm El Niño and cold La Niña phases of ENSO alter atmospheric and oceanic circulation, weather patterns, and extreme events, affecting human and natural systems around the world. Looking for an examination copy? If you are interested in the title for your course we can consider offering an examination copy.

To register your interest please contact [email protected] providing details of the course you are teaching. Many climatic extremes around the globe, such as.Synopsis Comprehensive and up-to-date information on Earth’s most dominant year-to-year climate variation The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific Ocean has major worldwide social and economic consequences through its global scale effects on atmospheric and oceanic circulation, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and other natural systems.

The largest warm SSTA appears in the southeastern Indian Ocean and the tropical western Indian Ocean. The amplitude of the warm SSTA in the TIO slightly weakens from June to August. Over the WNP, a significant negative SSTA occurs in June, and it gradually attenuates from west to east and weakens with time (Fig.

1).